With Moscow's aid - along with assistance from Iran and its proxies, especially the Lebanese militia group Hezbollah - Syrian government forces regrouped and pushed back against rebel forces.
Ilham Ahmed, head of the SDF's political wing - speaking with The Defense Post on Monday as part of a tour through Washington to try to reverse Trump's pullout decision - said that if American troops can not defend the Kurds of northern Syria from Turkish attack, "They will have not any role in Syria".
Turkey's Defence Ministry is signalling it won't resume its offensive in northeast Syria, following agreements reached with the US and Russian Federation.
Cavusoglu swept aside that concern, however, saying: "The Assad regime has no capacity to implement the 1998 Adana deal between Turkey and Syria", adding that Ankara does not have direct contacts with Damascus.
Although European lawmakers have no direct say on trade-related sanctions, they wield clout in their ability to, for instance, reduce the almost 250-million-euro yearly financing given to Ankara as part of its protracted process to become an EU member, an option backed by the center-right group.
If Turkey does not live up to its obligations to protect religious and ethnic minorities, Trump warned, the sanctions would be reimposed. The official said the US has urged all sides to make sure they are not forcing any civilians from their homes.
Erdogan has long denounced Syrian Kurdish militias - key USA allies in the fight against Islamic State extremists - as "terrorists", due to their ties to Kurdish insurgents in southeastern Turkey. Those troops, however, do not have permission to stay in Iraq permanently.
The president teases a statement on the status of the Syria cease-fire, Kurdish troops and ISIS prisoners in the region; Lucas Tomlinson reports from the Pentagon.
The UN says more than 176,000 people, including nearly 80,000 children, have been displaced in the past two weeks in north-east Syria, which is home to some 3 million people.
Now a significant swath of the territory they captured is being handed over to United States rivals, and the Kurds have been stung at being abandoned by their allies to face the Turkish invasion launched on October 9.
Angry Kurds have blocked US troops in the streets as they cross from Syria into Iraq after Washington pulled the plug on their support. "And the remaining Kurdish units will be steamrolled by the Turkish army", he said.
The media quoted him as calling Mr Erdogan a "thief who robbed factories, wheat and fuel and is today stealing territory" - apparently referring to Turkey's invasion this month into north-eastern Syria to push out Syrian Kurdish fighters.
Under the deal, joint efforts will also be launched to help return refugees safely and voluntarily.
"We're in a better place now than we were a week ago", Jeffrey said. That pullback, allowing Turkish-backed forces to take over, was required under the US-Turkish accord.
Turkey and Russian Federation also announced that they would carry out joint patrols of the Turkey-Syria border area, as Moscow aims to become a stronger power broker in the Middle East. Turkey argues that the Kurdish fighters are terrorists.
A column of Russian military police has crossed the river Euphrates and started moving towards Syrian-Turkish border, Russian Defense Ministry has confirmed on Wednesday.
The agreement made on Tuesday in Sochi also requires Kurdish militia to pull back to a line 30km from the border along its entire length of 440km, forcing them to relinquish control of some of their main towns.
Turkey and Russian Federation agreed on Tuesday to remove the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces that are within 30 kilometers of the Turkish border.
On Monday, Mr Trump said it appeared that the five-day pause was holding despite skirmishes and that it could possibly go beyond the expiry time, but Mr Erdogan said the fighting may resume.
"According to the information I have received from my defence minister, we are talking about 700 to 800 already withdrawn and the rest, around 1,200 to 1,300, are continuing to withdraw".
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a Britain-based war monitor, said the area of the "safe zone" was calm on Wednesday.
Russian Federation hopes that the deal will lead to Turkey's eventual recognition of Assad's government, analysts said.
Syrian and Russian forces will deploy in northeast Syria to remove Kurdish YPG fighters and their weapons from the border with Turkey under a deal agreed on Tuesday which both Moscow and Ankara hailed as a triumph.